1976Correspondent member of the Bavarian Academy of Fine Arts
1983Honorary member of the Academy of Fine Arts of the GDR
1984Recipient of the Lenin Prize
1985Honorary member of the "International Music Council"
1989Member of the Berlin Academy of Arts
1992Russian State Prize
1993Dmitri Schostakowitsch Prize

Crystal Awards, World Economic Forum, Davos
1997Honorary professor at the Moscow Conservatory
2001Final nomination fort the "Grammy Awards" for the best contemporary composition ("Concerto Cantabile")
2002"Composer of the Year" of the Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra

Medal for Service to the Russian state
2005Honorary professor at the St Petersburg State Conservatory
2007"Order of merit of the Russian Federation" second degree
2008Honorary professor at the Central Conservatory of Music in Beijing

The German Music Award "Echo Klassik 2008" for the choral opera "Boyarina Morozova" in the category "Opera recording of the year - XX-XXI century" (CD: WERGO/ SCHOTT MUSIC & MEDIA GmbH)
2009The Russian Theatre Award “Golden Mask” in the category “Best compositional work for opera” for the opera "The Enchanted Wanderer"
2010Nomination for the “Grammy 2011” in the category “Best Classical Contemporary Composition” (A Composer’s Award) for the opera "The Enchanted Wanderer"
2012„Moscow Award in Literature and the Arts 2012“ for the Russian choral opera „Boyarina Morozova“

Awarded with the Russian Order “For Merit to the Fatherland” 4th Class
2013Awarded with the Prize "Baltic Star" in St.Petersburg
2015Awarded with the Award "The Tree of Life" in St.Petersburg
2015Vladimir Putin awarded Rodion Shchedrin with the Order of Honour